Unprecedented change threatens Minnesota's pristine lakes
We are examining eight lakes in northern Minnesota within the Superior National Forest and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW). All study lakes are within undisturbed watersheds, yet some have had reports of summer cyanobacterial blooms in the last few years - posing signficant health risks to those recreating in the BWCAW. Using high resolution buoy monitoring of dissolved oxygen and temperature along with monthly water quality and atmospheric deposition sampling, we seek to understand the role of temperature, oxygen, and nutrient availability on the formation of cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms. We will pair these measurements with sediment core data in order to reconstruct past conditions and model the future risk of blooms.
An ecological and biogeochemical study of dissolved silicon in human-dominated freshwater ecosystems
My dissertation research quantified silicon in the environment and used ratios between silicon, nitrogen, and phosphorus to identify relationships between nutrient biogeochemistry, algal community ecology, and water quality.
Role of winter cover crops on silicon dynamics
As part of the Indiana Watershed Initiative, I led a biweekly field monitoring project for three years in which we collected nutrient samples and discharge measurements from agricultural tile drains and stream sites in northwestern Indiana. The goals of this project are to understand both field- and watershed-scale nutrient retention as a result of winter cover crops and the two-stage ditch. This work was recently published in Biogeochemistry.
Assessing nutrient limitation of benthic algae
Previous studies have suggested silicon limitation as a driver of HAB formation, yet few studies quantify the silicon limitation of benthic algae. I used nutrient diffusing substrata to experimentally alter silicon, nitrogen, and phosphorus availability for in-stream algae in each season throughout one year. Preliminary results suggest increased phosphorus and silicon promote algal growth, indicating seasonal phosphorus and silicon co-limitation.
Dissolved silicon and water quality in Lake Monroe
Lake Monroe is the largest reservoir in Indiana and is the source of drinking water for more than 120,000 people in Monroe, Brown, and Lawrence counties. I have worked with the Indiana Clean Lakes Program to collect lake and tributary samples in order to calculate a silicon budget for the Lake Monroe watershed. Calculating a silicon budget for the entire watershed will characterize the temporal and spatial changes occurring in the watershed that lead to changes in export.
Phytoplankton and dissolved organic matter responses to changing nutrient stoichiometry
The demand for dissolved organic matter (DOM) by microorganisms influences the biogeochemical cycling of inorganic nutrients, but the coupled response in the composition of the DOM and stoichiometry of nutrients has not been documented. Changes in the ambient nutrient stoichiometry that affect diatom production could affect the composition and concentration of DOM in freshwaters. I will characterize the shifts in DOM composition by analyzing the optical properties of samples collected from Lake Monroe; these shifts could indicate processes that influence the uptake and assimilation of nutrients within the reservoir.
Mitigating a cyanobacterial bloom with the addition of dissolved silicon
As the availability of silicon decreases relative to nitrogen and phosphorus, non-siliceous and often harmful algae are able to outcompete diatoms for the remaining nutrients facilitating harmful algal bloom formation. Working with Jase Hixson, a fellow O'Neill School PhD Candidate, we were able to stimulate a diatom bloom to replace a cyanobacterial bloom in a wastewater lagoon through the addition of dissolved silicon.
Multi-biome synthesis investigating controls on river silicon
Using data from Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites that span biomes across the globe, we seek to understand how silicon export changes relative to terrestrial vegetation, river productivity, and climate warming. This will be the first data-driven exploration of how riverine silicon exports will respond to global change. Project details can be found here.